The contract was concluded between Ramses II and Hatusiliš III during the twenty-first year of government (about 1258 BC). Its eighteen articles call for peace between Egypt and Hatti, and then claim that their respective people also demand peace. It contains many elements found in more modern treaties, but it is broader than the mere declaration of the end of hostilities in subsequent treaties. It also contains a reciprocity pact in the event that one of the empires is attacked by a third party or in the event of an internal dispute. There are articles on the forced repatriation of refugees and provisions that they should not be harmed, which could be considered the first extradition treaty. There are also threats of retaliation if the treaty is broken. A peace treaty is often not used to end a civil war, especially in the event of secession failure, as it involves mutual recognition of the state. In cases like the American Civil War, it normally stops when the military capitulates to the losing side and its government collapses. In contrast, a successful secession or declaration of independence is often formalized by a peace treaty. A recent example of a peace treaty is the 1973 Paris Peace Agreement, which was to end the Vietnam War. In modern history, some persistent conflict situations may be brought to a ceasefire before being dealt with through a peace process in which a series of discrete steps are taken on either side to achieve the mutual goal of peace and the signing of a treaty. The peace treaty was recorded in two versions, one in Egyptian hieroglyphics and the other in Acadian picking; both versions survive.
Such bilingual registration is common to many subsequent contracts. However, the Treaty differs in that the two language versions are worded differently. Although most of the text is identical, the eventful version claims that the Egyptians came to complain about peace, and the Egyptian version claims the opposite. The contract was given to the Egyptians in the form of a silver plate, and the “paperback” version was brought back to Egypt and carved into the temple of Karnak. Therefore, when military force is used, it is called “international armed conflict” instead of “war”. The fact that the current system of international law avoids the use of the term “war” also avoids the conclusion of a peace treaty based on the existence of war.  After the end of the war in Iraq in 2003, no peace treaty was signed and only UN Security Council Resolution 1483, adopted on 22 May 2003, set the post-war regime exclusively for the stability and security of Iraq.  It is likely that the earliest recorded peace treaty, although rarely mentioned or recalled, between the Kingdom of Hetiter and the Hayasa-Azzi Confederacy around 1350 BC. J.-C., was better known that one of the first recorded peace treaties between the Heptite and Egyptian empires was concluded after the Battle of Cadet in 1274 BC (see Egyptian-Heptic Peace Treaty). The battle took place in today`s Syria, with the entire Levant then being disputed between the two rich people.
After an extremely expensive four-day fight, in which neither side gained a substantial advantage, both sides won the victory. The lack of a solution led to new conflicts between Egypt and the Hethians, with Ramses II conquering the city of Kades and Amurru in his 8th year as king.  However, the prospect of a new long-term conflict between the two states eventually convinced their two leaders, Hatusiliš III and Ramses, to end their dispute and sign a peace treaty.